Reference Guide

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Titlesort descending Summary
AAD

An online service that provides identity and access management for Microsoft-hosted services such as Office 365 and for customer and third-party applications; licensed primarily via User SLs (Subscription Licenses). See Azure Active Directory for in-depth entry.

Access

Most often used to describe when individuals or client devices make use of a server-based product or online service, the relevance being that access usually triggers a licensing requirement.

Activation

A validation process built into a small number of the most popular Microsoft products that must be successfully completed for the software to function correctly.

Active Directory

An overarching term for several AD (Active Directory) related Windows Server roles, including AD Domain Services, AD Federation Services, and AD RMS (Rights Management Services). See AD for in-depth entry.

Active Directory Domain Services

A Windows Server role (often called “AD”) that provides authentication and access management for an organization’s users, computers, and groups, and product activation; licensed via Windows Server CALs (Client Access Licenses) and server-side licenses. See AD Domain Services for in-depth entry.

Active Directory Rights Management Services

A Windows Server role that encrypts e-mails, files, and other content to prevent access by unauthorized users, including content moved to an unsecured file sharing service or shared by e-mail; See: RMS for a detailed entry.

AD

An overarching term for several AD (Active Directory) related Windows Server roles, including AD Domain Services, AD Federation Services, and AD RMS (Rights Management Services).

AD Activation

An activation method that uses an organization’s existing on-premises AD Domain Services to activate products on devices with access to the organization’s network.

AD Domain Services

A Windows Server role (often called “AD” or “Active Directory”) that provides authentication and access management for an organization’s users, computers, and groups, as well as limited product activation; licensed via Windows Server CALs (Client Access Licenses) and server-side licenses.

AD DS

A Windows Server role (often called “AD”) that provides authentication and access management for an organization’s users, computers, and groups, and product activation; licensed via Windows Server CALs (Client Access Licenses) and server-side licenses. See AD Domain Services for in-depth entry.

AD Federation Services

A Windows Server component that links user identities and their associated attributes across multiple identity management systems including Azure Active Directory; use covered by Windows Server licenses.

AD FS

A Windows Server software directory federation component that enables users in an organization to connect to resources controlled by a third-party’s directory; use covered by Windows Server licenses. See AD Federation Services for in-depth entry.

Add-on

A subscription-based license that layers an online service, technical support offering, or special use rights on top of certain license(s) the customer already purchased.

Add-on CAL

A type of CAL (Client Access License) that covers access to certain advanced or niche server features. See Additive CAL for in-depth entry.

Additional Software

Server software components that customers deploying server products can install and run on devices for free.

Additive CAL

A type of CAL (Client Access License) that covers access to certain advanced or niche server features.

Advanced Group Policy Management

Technology that gives administrators more control over the configuration of PCs via Group Policy; licensed with MDOP (Microsoft Desktop Optimization Pack).

Advanced Threat Analytics

A Windows Server-based security application licensed with Client MLs (Management Licenses) that automatically analyzes AD Domain Services activity to learn normal behaviors and activity patterns and detect anomalies.

AGPM

Technology that gives administrators more control over the configuration of PCs via Group Policy; licensed with MDOP (Microsoft Desktop Optimization Pack). See Advanced Group Policy Management for a detailed entry.

App-V

Software that runs client applications in an isolated environment on each user's computer or on servers, and allows organizations to centrally deploy and update the applications; licensed with MDOP (Microsoft Desktop Optimization Pack) or RDS (Remote Desktop Services).

Application Virtualization

Software that runs client applications in an isolated environment on each user's computer or on servers, and allows organizations to centrally deploy and update the applications; see App-V for a detailed entry.

Assign

To allocate a product license to one device or user so that it is not considered to be in use by multiple devices or users simultaneously.

Audio Conferencing

A feature associated with Skype for Business Online and Teams that enables meeting attendees to call in to meetings (via traditional telephone lines) when they are unable to attend online; users scheduling meetings with audio conferencing enabled require a User SL.

Azure Active Directory

An online service that provides identity and access management for Microsoft-hosted services such as Office 365 and Intune, and for customer and third-party applications; licensed primarily via User SLs (Subscription Licenses).

Azure AD-Based Activation

An activation method specific to Windows Enterprise when licensed Per-User; use is optional except in two specific scenarios. See synonym Windows 10 Subscription Activation for in-depth entry.

Azure Advanced Threat Protection

An online service that detects and identifies suspicious user and device activity on an organization’s network indicative of cyber-attacks before serious damage can occur; licensed via User SLs.

Azure Hybrid Benefit

A SA (Software Assurance) benefit specific to core licenses for Windows Server and SQL Server that waives certain Azure-related fees for comparable workloads hosted in Azure.

Azure Hybrid Benefit for SQL Server

A SA (Software Assurance) benefit specific to core licenses for SQL Server that provides a discount for various types of SQL Server-based workloads hosted in Azure.

Azure Hybrid Benefit for Windows Server

A SA (Software Assurance) benefit specific to core licenses for Windows Server that can reduce the cost of running Windows Server-based Azure VMs by as much as 45%.

Azure Information Protection

An online service that encrypts e-mails, files, and other types of business content to prevent access by unauthorized users, including content moved to unsecured file sharing or shared by e-mail; licensed by User SLs (Subscription Licenses).

Azure MultiFactor Authentication

An online service that secures enterprise applications and services through a two-factor authentication process; licensed by User SLs or a consumption-based model.

Azure RemoteApp

An online service that allows Windows client applications running on servers in an Azure datacenter to interact with a user’s local desktop; to be shut down in Aug. 2017.

Azure Rights Management

An online service that encrypts e-mails, files, and other types of business content to prevent access by unauthorized users, including content moved to unsecured file sharing or shared by e-mail; licensed by User SLs (Subscription Licenses). Renamed; see Azure Information Protection for in-depth entry.

Azure SQL Database

A Microsoft-hosted multitenant relational database service based on SQL Server; predominant charge is an hourly fee based on the performance, storage, and business continuity features selected.