Reference Guide

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Titlesort descending Summary
Passive Fail-over

Refers to a secondary system that remains inactive (“passive”) until it takes over when a primary system fails or is taken out of service; for some server products the passive fail-over system does not need to be licensed.

Per Core License Model

A license model used for SQL Server and a few other server-based applications; use of the product covered by purchasing a license for each physical core in a server or licenses based on the processing resources allocated to a Virtual OSE.

Per Core License Model Flowchart

Flowchart explains how to calculate the number of core licenses required for SQL Server 2016 Enterprise and Standard editions under the Per Core License Model

Per Processor License Model

A license model used for older versions of SQL Server and a few other server-based applications; use of the product covered by purchasing a license for each physical processor in a server or licenses based on the processing resources allocated to a Virtual OSE.

Perpetual

Describes a license that allows a customer to use the associated software in perpetuity.

Phone System

A hosted public exchange (PBX) service that augments Skype for Business Online and Teams with traditional PBX capabilities, such as call forwarding and delegation; licensed predominantly via User SLs.

Physical OSE

An OSE (operating system environment) running on either a physical device or hardware partition; see OSE for more details.

Physical Premises

Generally understood to mean the physical buildings an organization owns or leases to conduct its day-to-day business. See synonym premises for in-depth entry.

Plan

Generally used to distinguish various SKUs within the Office 365 family of online services, with the predominant differences being technical features, price, and use rights for related on-premises products.

Planner

An online service for organizing and tracking small projects; licensed through Office 365 Enterprise suites.

Planning services

This SA (Software Assurance) benefit provides a selection of prescriptive onsite consulting engagement types delivered by qualified Microsoft partners or Microsoft Consulting Services.

Platform Independent

Describes a license that allows a customer to use the associated software on more than one OS platform; commonly used to license Office for Mac Standard.

Pooling

Describes scenarios where clients communicate with a server-based product or online service through an intermediary rather than directly. See synonym Multiplexing for in-depth entry.

Portable device

A laptop or tablet on which products licensed under the Desktop Applications License Model can, under certain circumstances, be locally installed without requiring its own device-based license.

Power BI

Label for back-end report repositories, report design tools, and client interfaces and applications used to create and share reports, dashboards, and other forms of business intelligence; licensed through User SL (Subscription Licenses) and capacity-based licenses.

Power BI Desktop

A free-to-download Windows desktop report design tool that is the primary method for creating reports shared in the Power BI backend services: Power BI Pro, Power BI Premium, and Power BI Report Server.

Power BI Embedded

Power BI Embedded, retired on June 30, 2018, was a hosted service designed for sharing read-only reports with external users via Web sites and applications.

Power BI Premium

An online service for publishing, distributing, and rendering reports; licensed primarily on a capacity basis.

Power BI Pro

An online service for publishing, distributing, and rendering reports; licensed primarily on a per-user basis.

Power BI Report Server

A component of SQL Server that enables customers to host and share Power BI content on-premises and reduces the need to license individual users; licensed via Power BI Premium subscriptions or SQL Server Enterprise core licenses.

PowerApps

A graphical development and runtime environment designed to allow non-programmers to create applications that can present data for viewing and editing on any type of client device and be easily deployed to users; licensed separately or as part of Office 365 Enterprise suites and Dynamics 365 Online offerings.

PowerPoint

Application for creating slide-based presentations available on client devices and platforms including Windows client OS, Mac, Android and iOS mobile devices, and Web browsers; typically licensed as part of an Office suite.

Premises

Generally understood to mean the physical buildings an organization owns or leases to conduct its day-to-day business.

Premium Assurance

Support offering for EA (Enterprise Agreement) customers to provide critical and important security updates and bulletins for 2008 and later versions of SQL Server and Windows Server once they left Extended Support. Launched in 2017 and replaced by Extended Security Updates in 2018.

Premium Cal

A type of CAL (Client Access License) that covers access to certain advanced or niche server features. See synonym Additive CAL for in-depth entry.

Premium Services CAL

A type of CAL (Client Access License) that covers access to certain advanced or niche server features. See synonym Additive CAL for in-depth entry.

Primary user

A user who uses a licensed device more than 50% of the time in any 90-day period; has licensing implications for Office client applications and Windows client OSs.

Problem resolution support

This SA (Software Assurance) benefit provides limited break-fix phone incidents for products in Mainstream support.

Processor

Circuitry fabricated on a single physical chip that processes the instructions, mostly encoded in software, that drive a computing device.

Processor/CAL License Model

A license model exclusive to Windows Server 2012 and 2012 R2 that requires at least one server-side license per physical server and CALs (Client Access Licenses) for users or client devices.

Product

Generally used to describe any on-premises or online service offering sold to customers.

Product Activation

A validation process built into a small number of the most popular Microsoft products that must be successfully completed for the software to function correctly. See synonym Activation for in-depth entry.

Product Key

A unique 25-character alphanumeric code required to complete activation of traditional on-premises products using KMS Activation, MAK Activation, and AD Activation

Product List

Prior to July 2015, one of two main documents (the other being the PUR) that contained rules governing product licenses acquired through volume licensing programs; replaced by Product Terms but still relevant for past SA license grants and other reasons.

Product Terms

The main repository for rules governing product licenses acquired through volume licensing programs and by far the most frequently consulted licensing-related text.

Product Use Rights

Prior to July 2015, one of two main documents (the other being the Product List) that contained rules governing product licenses acquired through volume licensing programs; replaced by Product Terms. See PUR for in-depth entry.

Production

Describes software and online services used to run an organization’s internal day-to-day operations, including disaster recovery and backup, but not for solutions development and test, problem diagnosis and resolution, demonstration, or evaluation.

Project

Umbrella term used to refer to client applications, server applications, and hosted services for project management.

Project Online

An online service and a Windows desktop application for managing project schedules and resource data, reporting time and status, and analyzing an organization's projects; licensed via User SLs (Subscription Licenses).

Project Pro for Office 365

Project and portfolio management client application for Windows PCs licensed via User SLs (Subscription Licenses); renamed Project Online Desktop Client in Aug. 2016; see Project Online for in-depth entry.

Project Professional

Higher end edition of Windows client application for managing complex projects; integrates with Project Server and Project Online and is licensed Per-Device under the Desktop Applications License Model.

Project Server

A Windows Server-based server application for managing project schedules and resource data, reporting time and status, and analyzing an organization's projects; licensed under the Server/CAL License Model.

Project Server SA Benefits

Summary of SA (Software Assurance) benefits associated with Project Server, organized by high and low value benefits

Project Standard

Lower end edition of Windows client application for project managers; lacks the project sharing and collaboration features of Project Professional; licensed Per-Device under the Desktop Applications License Model.

Project Standard and Professional

Client applications for Windows PCs that provides project management and project portfolio management; licensed on the Desktop Applications License Model.

PUR

Prior to July 2015, one of two main documents (the other being the Product List) that contained rules governing product licenses acquired through volume licensing programs; replaced by Product Terms but still valuable for researching rules for non-current product versions