Reference Guide

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Titlesort descending Summary
SA

Software Assurance (SA) augments on-premises product licenses with rights to new versions of the licensed software, use rights that provide the most cost effective way to enable specific usage scenarios (such as virtualization), and miscellaneous benefits of modest value.

SA Benefits

Some form of special use right, rule exception, or other item of value bundled as part of SA (Software Assurance).

SAC

The semi-annual channel (SAC) is a product servicing model promising to deliver two new versions per year, each supported for approximately 18 months; use of these versions require active SA (Software Assurance) coverage on a preexisting perpetual license, or an ongoing subscription license.

SCAL

A name often given to a CAL that covers access to the main features of a matching server-based product, but not to certain advanced or niche features. See synonym Standard CAL for in-depth entry.

Secure Productive Enterprise

Secure Productive Enterprise (SPE) combined User SLs (Subscription Licenses) for Windows Enterprise, Office 365 Enterprise suites, and Enterprise Mobility + Security suites. Renamed; see Microsoft 365 Enterprise.

Security and Compliance Center

A Web-based console licensed by Office 365 Enterprise suites for managing security and compliance-related functions, such as data loss prevention, eDiscovery, and retention; licensed as part of Office 365 Enterprise suites.

Self Hosted Applications

This SA (Software Assurance) benefit permits certain on-premises server products to be used as components within a commercial hosted service.

Semi-Annual Channel

A product servicing model promising to deliver two new versions per year, each supported for approximately 18 months; use of these versions require active SA (Software Assurance) coverage on a preexisting perpetual license, or an ongoing subscription license. SeeSAC for in-depth entry.

Server

A physical hardware device capable of running server OSs (operating systems) and applications such as Windows Server and SQL Server.

Server farm

A single data center or two data centers each physically located either in time zones not more than four hours apart or within the EU or EFTA.

Server ML

Server Management Licenses (ML) provide the right for server OS-based workloads running on a physical server to be managed by one or more System Center components; starting Oct. 2016, Server MLs are Per-Core.

Server-Based Desktop

Architectures that allow a wide variety of client devices to display Windows client applications and OS user interface without having to install and run Windows-based applications or OSEs (Operating System environments) locally.

Server/CAL License Model

The most common license model for server-based applications; generally requires at least one server-side license per physical server and CALs (Client Access Licenses) for users or client devices.

Service Provider

Organization that offers its customers access to services built (at least in part) on Microsoft software; often requires special licensing via a SPLA (Services Provider License Agreement]].

Service tier

Used to distinguish various Azure branded offerings with differences including technical features, performance, capacity, and price. See synonym Tier for in-depth entry.

Servicing Model

Used to describe a schedule for how frequently new versions of on-premises product software will be released and how long they will be supported.

Session desktop

A type of server-based desktop architecture where multiple concurrent users share the same Windows Server instance running on a server.

SfB

Shorthand for Skype for Business, on-premises and online services products providing presence, instant messaging (IM), voice and video, and application sharing capabilities. See Skype for Business Server and Skype for Business Online for in-depth entries.

Shared Computer Activation

An alternative to Office 365 Activation used to handle activation of Office 365-branded applications on devices shared by multiple users.

SharePoint Foundation

A discontinued server application based on SharePoint Server that delivered file sharing and team collaboration for small organizations and was licensed free with Windows Server.

SharePoint Online

An Office 365-branded online service that delivers file sharing, team collaboration, corporate portal hosting, enterprise search, content management, Web-based reporting, and other functions; Built on a similar code base as SharePoint Server and licensed via User SLs (Subscription Licenses).

SharePoint Server

A Windows Server-based server application that delivers file sharing, team collaboration, corporate portal hosting, enterprise search, content management, Web-based reporting, and other collaboration features; licensed under the Server/CAL License Model.

SharePoint Server SA Benefits

Summary of SA (Software Assurance) benefits associated with SharePoint Server, organized by high and low value benefits

SKU

A SKU (stock keeping unit) uniquely identifies a specific type of license for a Microsoft product.

SkyDrive

Online service delivering file storage, sharing, and synchronization. Name changed; see successor product OneDrive for Business for in-depth entry.

Skype for Business

Microsoft’s family of on-premises server, online services, and clients that provide presence, instant messaging (IM), voice and video, application sharing, and telephony capabilities.

Skype for Business client

Client applications for desktop and mobile devices that provide access to Skype for Business Online and Skype for Business Server communications features; in most cases licensed as part of various suites.

Skype for Business Online

An online service that provides presence, instant messaging (IM), voice and video, and desktop and application sharing; licensed via User SLs (Subscription Licenses).

Skype for Business Online Cloud PBX

A hosted public exchange (PBX) service that augments Skype for Business Online with traditional PBX capabilities, such as call forwarding and delegation; licensed via User SLs. Renamed; see Phone System for in-depth entry.

Skype for Business Online PSTN Calling

A service that augments Phone System by providing domestic and international calling minutes; licensed via its own separate User SL. Renamed; see Calling Plan for in-depth entry.

Skype for Business Online PSTN Conferencing

A feature associated with Skype for Business Online that enables meeting attendees to call in to Skype for Business meetings when they are unable to attend online; users scheduling or hosting such meetings require a User SL. Renamed; see Audio Conferencing for in-depth entry.

Skype for Business PSTN Consumption

Used to pay for telephony-related services not covered by Phone System or Audio Conferencing User SLs. Renamed; see Communication Credits for in-depth entry.

Skype for Business Server

A Windows Server-based server application that provides presence, instant messaging (IM), voice and video, and application sharing; licensed under the Server/CAL License Model.

Skype for Business Server CAL Types and Features

Illustration outlines the technical features licensed by the Skype for Business Server Standard, Enterprise, and Plus CALs (Client Access Licenses).

Skype for Business Server SA Benefits

Summary of SA (Software Assurance) benefits associated with Skype for Business Server, organized by high and low value benefits

Skype Meeting Broadcast

A service that augments Skype for Business Online or Skype for Business Server by providing support for large meetings with up to 10,000 internal and external attendees; licensed via Office 365 Enterprise suites.

Social Listening

A discontinued online service that allowed organizations to monitor social networks and blogs for brand performance and engage with individuals who post comments. See successor product Social Engagement for in-depth entry.

Software

Microsoft code that customers install on hardware used by the organization, or within VMs (virtual machines) at a service provider such as Microsoft’s own Azure.

Software Assurance

A subscription add-on for on-premises licenses that provides rights to new versions of the licensed software, use rights that provide the most cost effective way to enable specific usage scenarios (such as virtualization), and miscellaneous benefits of modest value. See SA for in-depth entry.

SPE

Secure Productive Enterprise (SPE) combined User SLs (Subscription Licenses) for Windows Enterprise, Office 365 Enterprise suites, and Enterprise Mobility + Security suites. Renamed; see Microsoft 365 Enterprise.

Spread Payments

This SA (Software Assurance) benefit allows customers to spread the cost of a new perpetual license across multiple (typically annual) payments.

SQL Server

A server-based product that provides database management, integration services, reporting (including Power BI Report Server), analysis services, and machine learning components; licensed under various licensing models depending on version and edition.

SQL Server Edition Packaging

Illustration compares SQL Server editions features across versions 2017, 2016, 2014, and 2012.

SQL Server SA Benefits

Summary of SA (Software Assurance) benefits associated with SQL Server, organized by high and low value benefits

SQL Server Technology

A limited use copy of SQL Server distributed with certain System Center and Visual Studio product offerings that eliminates the need for customers to license SQL Server separately.

SQL Server Timeline

Outlines major changes to SQL Server’s license model and rules, edition lineup, and pricing

StaffHub

An online service for work shift scheduling, licensed as part of Office 365 Enterprise suites; being phased out and superseded by Teams.

Standard CAL

A name often given to a CAL that covers access to the main features of a matching server product, but not to certain advanced or niche features.

Step-Up

Type of supplementary license used to convert a lower-level edition or plan license to a higher level.

Stock keeping unit

A stock keeping unit uniquely identifies a specific type of license for a Microsoft product. See synonym SKU for in-depth entry.

Stored Instance

An image of software created by running a program’s associated setup procedure or duplicating an existing installed copy. See synonym install for in-depth entry.

Stream

A relatively new video-hosting and -sharing online service set to eventually replace Office 365 Video; mainly licensed through Office 365 Enterprise suites.

Subscription

Describes a program or license that grants rights for a specific term (timeframe).

Suite

A collection of related licenses for products sold together at a discount.

Sway

A presentation application; licensed as part of Office 365 Enterprise suites.

System Center

A family of on-premises management and security products use for computer configuration, monitoring, virtualization, backup, software deployment and installation, and other administrative tasks; licensed under the Management Servers License Model.

System Center Client Management Suite

A bundle of Client MLs (Management Licenses) for System Center Data Protection Manager, System Center Operations Manager, System Center Orchestrator, and System Center Service Manager; being phased out in favor of separate client licenses for each product.

System Center Configuration Manager

A Windows Server-based management application that automates software deployment and patching, hardware and software inventorying, and compliance with configuration policies; licensed under the Management Servers License Model via System Center Server MLs and Client MLs.

System Center Data Protection Manager

A Windows Server-based management application that captures frequent backups of application and system data to disk, tape, or Internet storage; licensed under the Management Servers License Model via System Center Server MLs and Client MLs.

System Center Endpoint Protection

Protects Windows Server, Windows client OS, macOS, and Linux computers against viruses, worms, Trojans, adware, and spyware; licensed under the Management Servers License Model via System Center Server MLs and client User SLs (Subscription Licenses) or Device SLs

System Center Global Service Monitor

A now defunct SA (Software Assurance) benefit associated with System Center management licenses; was an online tool for monitoring of Web application availability and performance.

System Center Operations Manager

A Windows Server-based management application that monitors hardware, OS, and apps, and automatically takes corrective action or helps identify the root cause of a problem; licensed under the Management Servers License Model via System Center Server MLs and Client MLs.

System Center Orchestrator

A Windows Server-based management application that automates IT processes, such as provisioning of virtual servers, to save staff, prevent errors, and achieve faster remediation of problems; licensed under the Management Servers License Model via System Center Server MLs and Client MLs.

System Center SA Benefits

Summary of SA (Software Assurance) benefits associated with System Center products, organized by high and low value benefits

System Center Service Manager

A Windows Server-based management application that automates trouble ticketing and problem tracking; licensed under the Management Servers License Model via System Center Server MLs and Client MLs.

System Center Timeline

Outlines major changes to System Center’s license model and rules, edition lineup, and pricing

System Center Virtual Machine Manager

Tool for managing large numbers of VMs (virtual machines) and their physical hosts running hardware virtualization technologies; licensed under the Management Servers License Model via System Center Server MLs and Configuration Manager Client MLs.