Reference Guide

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Titlesort descending Summary
Web Workload

Refers to certain scenarios involving public-facing Windows Server-based websites licensed via volume licensing programs where client access is “free,” meaning neither Windows Server CALs (client access licenses) nor External Connectors are required.

Windows

Microsoft’s family of OS (operating system) offerings, specifically Windows Server for server hardware, and Windows client OSs for PCs, tablets, and other client devices.

Windows 10 Subscription Activation

An activation method specific to Windows Enterprise when licensed Per-User; use is optional except in two specific scenarios.

Windows client OS

General name for Windows operating system editions used by organizations on client PCs or within virtual desktops.

Windows client OS edition packaging

Illustration compares Windows client OS editions features across versions 10, 8/8.1, and 7.

Windows Client OS Timeline

Outlines major modifications to the Windows client OS’s license model and rules, edition and SKU lineup, and other changes.

Windows Defender Advanced Threat Protection

An online service that adds a post-breach layer of protection to Windows 10 clients, helping to detect and remedy threats that made it past other defenses; licensed via User SLs (Subscription Licenses).

Windows Enterprise

The highest (most feature-laden) edition of the Windows client OS; distributed exclusively through volume licensing programs with both Per-Device and Per-User licensing options available.

Windows Enterprise Per Device

Per-Device licenses that provide the right to install and run Windows Enterprise edition on the licensed PC (or Mac); licenses with SA (Software Assurance) coverage also provide access to the OS running within server-hosted virtual desktops.

Windows Enterprise Rights Flowchart

Flowchart illustrates the ways an organization can acquire the right to install and run Windows Enterprise edition locally on an end-user’s PC or Mac.

Windows Enterprise SA Benefits

Summary of SA (Software Assurance) benefits associated with Windows Enterprise and VDA licenses, organized by high and low value benefits

Windows Enterprise User SL

A Per-User subscription that allows an individual user to install and run Windows Enterprise edition on most Windows-capable client devices as well as access a Windows Client OS running within server-hosted virtual desktops.

Windows Enterprise vs. VDA Per-Device Comparison

Table compares use rights and rules for a Windows Enterprise Per Device license with active SA (Software Assurance) coverage and a VDA Device SL (Subscription License) purchased via an EA (Enterprise Agreement), Select Plus contract, or MPSA (Microsoft Product and Services Agreement)

Windows Enterprise vs. VDA User SL Comparison

Table compares use rights and rules for a Windows Enterprise User SL (Subscription License) and a VDA User SL purchased via an EA (Enterprise Agreement), Select Plus contract, or MPSA (Microsoft Product and Services Agreement)

Windows Pro

The lowest-level Windows client OS edition of relevance to organization customers; licensed Per-Device.

Windows Pro for Workstations

An edition of Windows 10 designed for compute-intensive workloads that sits between Windows Pro and Windows Enterprise in the edition line-up; distributed exclusively through retail and OEM channels.

Windows Pro OEM license

A Per-Device perpetual license for Windows Pro that comes with new PCs; the main business-focused Windows client OS edition available through the OEM channel.

Windows Pro Upgrade

A Per-Device license providing the right to install and run on the PC (or Mac) the latest version of Windows Pro as of the time of license purchase.

Windows Server

A server OS (operating system) currently licensed under a Core/CAL License Model (and previously under the Processor/CAL License Model that is a prerequisite for most all Microsoft server-based applications.

Windows Server CAL Types and Features

Illustration outlines the technical features licensed by each of the three Windows Server-related CALs (Client Access Licenses) associated with versions 2019, 2016, 2012 R2, and 2012.

Windows Server Edition Packaging

Illustration compares Windows Server Standard and Datacenter edition features across versions 2019, 2016, 2012 R2, and 2012.

Windows Server Rights Management Services

A Windows Server role that encrypts e-mails, files, and other types of content to prevent access by unauthorized users, including content moved to an unsecured file sharing service or shared by e-mail; See: RMS for a detailed entry.

Windows Server SA Benefits

Summary of SA (Software Assurance) benefits associated with Windows Server, organized by high and low value benefits

Windows Server Timeline

Outlines major changes to Windows Server’s license model and rules, edition lineup, and pricing

Windows Thin PC

A small-footprint OS that enables existing Windows PCs to be repurposed as thin client devices; licensed via Windows Enterprise and VDA (Virtual Desktop Access) licenses.

Windows to Go

A Windows client OS feature that enables running Windows Enterprise from portable media such as USB storage drives; licensed via Windows Enterprise and VDA (Virtual Desktop Access) licenses.

Windows VDI Rights Flowchart

Flowchart illustrates the ways an organization can acquire the right to host Windows client OS-based virtual desktops on on-premises servers and make them accessible to users.

Word

Word processor application available on client devices and platforms including Windows client OS, Mac, Android and iOS mobile devices, and Web browsers; typically licensed as part of an Office suite.

Work at Home

Discounted Office and Office for Mac Standard licenses for certain customers of those suites.

Workplace Analytics

An online service designed to help organizations improve overall productivity by analyzing how employees spend their time; licensed via User SLs (Subscription Licenses).